What will be the Impact of the Transatlantic Trade Agreements (CETA and TTIP) on Protected Geographical Indications (PGIs)?
This paper outlines some of the major obstacles which Geographical Indications, a system well developed in Europe, are facing in the international trade system. The EU has obtained Canada’s recognition of a minority of GIs in return for greater access to the European market for Canadian agricultural products, most notably meat products. The US meanwhile is strongly opposed to GI recognition and has also tried to ensure that its prospective partners in the Trans-Pacific Partnership are unlikely to buy into the system. The likely deals will lead to discrimination: In the case of Canada against those European GIs not part of the accord; in the case of TTIP in favour of those US GIs recognised in Europe. Yet only a handful of EU Member States prioritise the protection of GIs, hence the system is likely to weaken in the course of the trade-offs in these international deals.
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