What Will Be the Impact of the Transatlantic Trade Agreements (CETA and TTIP) on Labelling Rules?

This paper recounts that the United States in 2015 had to repeal a 2002 law that stipulated the origin labelling of pork beef and other perishable goods, following a dispute with Canada and Mexico, which was decided in favour of these countries by the WTO. The rule had had considerable support by the public and by producers, but was loathed by the American food processing industry. The paper then argues that TTIP and CETA would enable a similar attack against current European food labelling laws or give food processing companies the instruments to dissuade EU member states from going further with their rules. As regards the characteristics of food products, GMO content or cloned animal content in the production chain, are likely to appear unlabelled on the European market. As regards rules of origin for industrial products such as textiles and automobiles, the paper concludes that “the definition of these rules could change the competition conditions in some sectors depending on the level of internationalisation in the different countries that are partners to the agreement.”

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